The Collapsing Christian Worldview
On a regular basis, sadly, I find myself in debates with fellow believers who seem woefully clueless as to the biblical worldview. They seem to just regurgitate pagan thinking, beliefs and practice, yet still somehow think they are being good Christians.
Too many Christians simply think and act like those in the surrounding culture, and they seem blissfully unaware that they really should not be doing this. But I am not alone in seeing such worldly Christianity out there – unfortunately researchers keep finding the same thing. Let me discuss one of the latest bits of research on this.
Summit Ministries started in America in 1962 and was led for nearly fifty years by David Noebel, a champion in worldview studies. It has been the premier worldview course in the US with tens of thousands of young people profoundly impacted by it over the years.
And George Barna has been engaged in Christian research for almost as long, gauging the state of play of American Christianity. Now Summit and Barna have teamed up to measure just how much of a biblical worldview American Christians actually have. Sadly, the findings are not very encouraging.
A quick overview of the findings has shown that among practicing Christians:
-61% agree with ideas rooted in New Spirituality.
-54% resonate with postmodernist views.
-36% accept ideas associated with Marxism.
-29% believe ideas based on secularism.
Wow, that does not sound very good. But first a word about how the research was gathered. The researchers say this:
Research with practicing Christians (who go to church at least monthly and consider their faith very important in their life) included 1,456 web-based surveys conducted among a representative sample of adults over the age of 18 in each of the 50 United States. The survey was conducted in March 2017. The sampling error for this study is plus or minus 2.4%, at the 95% confidence level. Minimal statistical weighting was used to calibrate the sample to known population percentages in relation to demographic variables.
1Barna has tracked beliefs that make up a “biblical worldview” since 1995, with the data included in this article (17% of practicing Christians have a biblical worldview) coming from an OmniPoll conducted in an online study of 1,066 U.S. adults in July of 2015. Barna defines “biblical worldview” as believing that absolute moral truth exists; the Bible is totally accurate in all of the principles it teaches; Satan is considered to be a real being or force, not merely symbolic; a person cannot earn their way into Heaven by trying to be good or do good works; Jesus Christ lived a sinless life on earth; and God is the all-knowing, all-powerful creator of the world who still rules the universe today.
So let’s look at the findings a bit more closely. Consider the issue of the “New Spirituality”. This would include things like the New Age Movement, alternative religions, such as Eastern religions, as well as various aberrant Christian teachings. Here is what the researchers said about their findings:
Practicing Christians find the claims of New Spirituality among the most enticing, perhaps because it holds a positive view of religion, emphasizes the supernatural and simultaneously feeds into a growing dissatisfaction with institutions. For instance, almost three in 10 (28%) practicing Christians strongly agree that “all people pray to the same god or spirit, no matter what name they use for that spiritual being.” Further, the belief that “meaning and purpose come from becoming one with all that is” has captured the minds of more than one-quarter of practicing Christians (27%).
The New Spirituality worldview has also inched its way into Christian ethics; one-third of practicing Christians (32%) strongly agree that “if you do good, you will receive good, and if you do bad, you will receive bad.” This karmic statement, though not explicitly from scripture, appeals to many Christians’ sense of ultimate justice. For example, another Barna study found that 52 percent of practicing Christians strongly agree that the Bible teaches “God helps those who help themselves.”
While practicing Christians have long tended to hold a range of views regarding politics, economics and the like, the research results were also quite worrying in terms of all those flirting with or adhering to the tenets of Marxism. The authors found this:
Marxism as a worldview stands in opposition to the economics of capitalism and falls more in line with socialist or communist political ideologies. Marxism, though, is also founded on an irreligious—or even religiously hostile—foundation. Though not a single practicing Christian says they would actually vote for a communist party candidate (0%) and only 3 percent for the socialist party, some of the key economic and political tenets of a Marxist worldview are supported by practicing Christians, though less so than other worldviews.
For instance, only one in nine (11%) strongly agree that “private property encourages greed and envy.” This is more pronounced among practicing Christian Millennials (20%) and Gen-Xers (22%), who are four to six times as likely to believe this when compared to Boomers (4%) or Elders (5%). For socialists, reigning in greed is the purview of the state, and 14 percent of practicing Christians strongly agree that “the government, rather than individuals, should control as much of the resources as necessary to ensure that everyone gets their fair share.”
In total, Barna found that 36 percent of practicing Christians embraced at least one of the Marxist statements assessed in the research.
The idea that there is no real objective truth is a key tenet of postmodernism, not biblical Christianity. Yet incredibly it seems that many practicing Christians have abandoned biblical absolutes for the relativism of postmodernism:
Almost one-fifth of practicing Christians (19%) strongly agree that “no one can know for certain what meaning and purpose there is to life.” A similar perspective also resonates with many Christians when it comes to views of morality: Almost one-quarter of practicing Christians (23%) strongly agree that “what is morally right or wrong depends on what an individual believes.” Less educated Americans (high school or less) are more likely to affirm this view than their college-educated counterparts (31% compared to 21%).
As a whole, more than half (54%) of practicing Christians embrace at least one of the postmodern statements assessed in the research.
By way of summary the researchers say this about their findings:
“This research really crystalizes what Barna has been tracking in our country as an ongoing shift away from Christianity as the basis for a shared worldview. We have observed and reported on increasing pluralism, relativism and moral decline among Americans and even in the Church. Nevertheless, it is striking how pervasive some of these beliefs are among people who are actively engaged in the Christian faith,” Brooke Hempell, senior vice president of research for Barna, says.
“What stood out most to us was how stark the shift was between the Boomer and Gen-Xer generations,” Hempell remarks. “We expected Millennials to be most influenced by other worldviews, but the most dramatic increase in support for these ideals occurs with the generation before them. It’s no surprise, then, that the impact we see today in our social fabric is so pervasive, given that these ideas have been taking root for two generations.
“The challenge with competing worldviews is that there are fragments of similarities to some Christian teachings, and some may recognize and latch on to these ideas, not realizing they are distortions of biblical truths. The call for the Church, and its teachers and thinkers, is to help Christians dissect popular beliefs before allowing them to settle in their own ideology,” Hempell says. “Informed thinking is essential to developing and maintaining a healthy biblical worldview and faith as well as being able to have productive dialogue with those who espouse other beliefs.”
Orthodoxy – right thinking about God – is essential for the Christian. Yes as this research shows, plenty of Christians are not really thinking at all, let alone thinking rightly. Throughout Scripture we are told about the importance of right belief and right teaching.
And believers are also told not to let the world shape our thinking. As Paul put it in Romans 12:2: “Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will.”
Yet sadly far too many Christians are doing just what Paul warned against. They are thinking just like pagans, and wondering why they have so little impact and influence on the surrounding culture. But if we think and act just like the world does, how can we expect to change it?
Let me conclude with a few brief quotes from some important Christian thinkers who certainly saw the vital importance of the Christian worldview. First, two quotes from Charles Colson:
“The world is divided not so much by geographic boundaries as by religious and cultural traditions, by people’s most deeply held beliefs – by worldviews.”
“The church’s singular failure in recent decades has been the failure to see Christianity as a life system, or worldview, that governs every area of existence.”
And as Francis Schaeffer reminds us, we need both orthopraxis as well as orthodoxy:
“As Christians we are not only to know the right worldview, the worldview that tells us the truth of what is, but consciously to act upon that worldview so as to influence society in all its parts and facets across the whole spectrum of life, as much as we can.”
12 Replies to “The Collapsing Christian Worldview”
Important article, Bill. But how often do you hear a Christian minister talking about this issue of worldview? Very rarely.
David Noebel’s book “THE BATTLE FOR TRUTH: Defending the Christian Worldview in the marketplace of ideas” (Harvest House, 2001) is the most comprehensive exposition of these issues.
Some churches run “Growth groups” for Bible study. I think study of where the Christian worldview differs from contemporary culture should be discussed in these.
Thanks David. Yes I fully agree with you.
The Nehemiah Institute http://www.nehemiahinstitute.com have been tracking student worldviews for about 30 years. The results are scary.
But we should not be surprised as Jesus stated on the Mt of Olives when speaking about the end-times (Matt 24:11-12):
‘And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.12 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.’
Very very interesting. Thanks.
“almost three in 10 (28%) practicing Christians strongly agree that ‘all people pray to the same god or spirit, no matter what name they use for that spiritual being’.”
Jesus tells us that Christians worship in spirit and TRUTH. May one question whether these “practising Christians” surveyed really are Christian? Or are they merely church-goers “practising” Christianity? If they are truly born-again, then this is a sad indictment of many churches and church leaders. Or is it because so many are too lazy to avail themselves of solid teaching?
It seems to me that the title of Christian is often applied rather loosely in the media, both secular and Christian.
Good call. I notice his outline of BB/Xgen divide particularly in the stultifying inertia/blinkeredness of BB’s attitudes to stewardship of the earth. Boomer Churchgoers seem to take on the guilt imposed by the world on our use of the environment. Yes we should accept some guilt but not let the blinkered projections of the media debilitate us from action in the matter as much of the careless chatter does. We can be people of effective action on the environment but we must respect those who study the science and show themselves approved We can encourage a redemptive prayer for healing by the Almighty. We must go deeper into the true science and substance of resilience and resist the VERY careless debilitating but easy talk of disaster on the road ahead. Has God’s power been diminished? Is degradation the end? Clearly No.
And what a positive note possibly. The new generation are perhaps not as down on themselves as we are. We know the gens new have yet to grow in their appreciation of whats really good – but don’t we all. Have you ALL seen “Guardians of the Galaxy”. Its very popular with young people and a link for the truths beyond the rigid PC talk of the moment by “adults” and powerful elites. Its celebrating the story of the human condition in a new humor rich fantastical way. Readers feel free to join us at Middle earth Mind readers on Facebook.
Once upon a time, the every-day “Joe Bloggs” could reasonably assume popular opinion and culture were built on some kind of a “Christian” sub-text.
However, nowadays, the assumptions of popular culture are no longer anchored to any fixed point. It is taken for granted by most that ethics and spirituality are not absolutes but are “constantly evolving” in a manner comparable to Hegel’s and Marx’s notions of a dialectic process of social change and evolution of society and culture.
Yesterday’s dark passions and fiendish demons “reincarnate” themselves in our Post-Modern world as today’s golden virtues and brightest angels, to borrow the turn of phrase of Nietzsche’s Zarathustra… It’s a wonder words like “true”, “false”, “good” and “evil” have survived Westerners’ flight from Almighty God and His Christ.
Yes Bill you are spot on in regard your remarks regarding how few who call themselves Christian have little or no knowledge of Christianity.
Having lived for around for 80 odd years the lack of Christian beliefs all began after the method of education was changed in our schools in the late 1960s in Australia.
Prior to that the education system was based on Judao-Christian beliefs. That is, the origin of truth is external to man and all truths have to be taught and memorised.
So, as God is the origin of all truths, and he created us in his own likeness, so that we can know Him and love Him and to spend all eternity with Him.
For us to know Him and love Him, He gave us an intellect so that we could be taught all His truths. He also gave us free will so that we could freely choose to know His truths. Now if our intellect is deprived of His truths, then our intellect can be lead astray.
Now Bill I know you could expand on this subject, but this will do for now, and let us expose what this John Dewey secular humanistic education method that was introduced into all our schools is all about. Its prime purpose is to indoctrinate and not to educate. Dewey’s method does not believe in God. There is no life after death etc, and it teaches that we are all autonomous, and it is our right to create our own vales and beliefs, all based on emotions and feelings.
Because this method of education has been around for 50 odd years, one has to only listen to people in our society today to hear them make major decisions, all based on EMOTIONS AND FEELINGS. Their intellects have been dulled.
So Bill to sum up, we have been teaching Christianity out of the intellect of people for years.
I know that you write up some very informative articles about the roll our intellects play in our Christian lives
I have become a bit concerned at the Church I go to when they announce that there will be a month looking at mindfulness. However I also note that this battle of worldviews is also afflicting the Roman Catholic church where ‘cafeteria” Catholics seem to be setting the agenda with the Pope in directing the menu. However traditional Catholics seem to be bolstered with younger people and young families and this is also seen in the Evangelical Anglicans. However we are facing a period reminiscent -as a historian- of the period the Church began it. We need to trust God and turn the world upside down again.
Why not just give them a survey that determines, from their answers, whether they will get to heaven at all? Then give the participants the bad news at the end. It might even wake them up.
I wonder if anyone has done such a quiz?
How often did our Lord Jesus declare in one way or another ‘it is the overcomers that shall inherit eternal life’? It goes straight to the heart of the believer and tells me the need of much effort, discipline, determination and loyalty to the one who has given us this amazing gift of eternal life. Like Paul we dare not let our guard down until the race is run and thankfully God gave us His Holy Spirit to help us through.