On Not Suffering Fools Gladly
I must begin this piece by making a confession. I have long thought about this phrase, and have long thought about writing something on it. But I figured it was more or less a worldly phrase, and maybe not one I could get too much mileage out of as a Christian.
I do not mind using secular thoughts or phrases, but I want above all to be biblical. So I was a bit hesitant to run with this. I agreed with the sentiments of it, but also knew that as a believer I must be patient with folks, and forbearing, and even loving, no matter how foolish they may be or how many dumb things they may say.
I was thinking about this phrase once again just now and thought I would do a quick online search, and learn a bit about its origin. Well duh! I should have known! Why I did not put two and two together before now is beyond me. It turns out the phrase is fully biblical!
Perhaps it is because it is more closely connected with the KJV, which I no longer use as much nowadays, that I did not make the obvious connection. This is how the KJV translates 2 Corinthians 11:19: “For ye suffer fools gladly, seeing ye yourselves are wise.”
Yep, there it is: suffering fools gladly. And it is something Paul shames the Corinthians for doing. They should not be tolerating and putting up with such fools and with such foolish ideas. There you go: the Apostle Paul, under divine inspiration, warns about suffering fools gladly.
A few newer translations put this sentence as follows:
-For you, being so wise, tolerate the foolish gladly. NASB
-You gladly put up with fools since you are so wise! NIV
-For you gladly bear with fools, being wise yourselves! RSV, ESV
Finally, I can find some biblical warrant for discussing this, and not feeling like I am just taking up a worldly concept. Sure, I have long agreed with the sentiment being expressed here. And yes I know that we must learn to love others, especially those we disagree with.
And I have no problems with using the word “fool” as well. It is a completely biblical term used over and over again to discuss those who are at odds with God and his ways. And it is often used of fellow believers as well, not just in the above passage but elsewhere. Think of Galatians 3:1 for example where Paul speaks of those “foolish Galatians”.
Jesus too was quite willing to refer to others as fools. But I penned an entire piece on this, so see here for more: https://billmuehlenberg.com/2015/07/07/difficult-bible-passages-matthew-522-2/
Let me provide just a bit more personal background to all this, and then I will look more closely at this Pauline passage. Many years ago at a conference I was speaking at, one of the other speakers and I were sitting just outside of the main auditorium where other speakers were doing their thing.
We were discussing some of the things being said, and he – being a well-respected academic and terrific bioethicist – used the phrase again: “I don’t suffer fools gladly”. I knew just how he felt, as I too can become quite impatient and upset with those who spout silly and ignorant things.
But I thought at the time that while it is indeed problematic when others – especially other believers – say really dopey and idiotic things – I also have a Christian obligation to love such people, and not just get upset or impatient. But each time I hear another really moronic thing being said, that phrase continues to ring through my head.
Just today yet another unhelpful and silly remark was made, so again the phrase popped into my mind. That is why I finally looked it up just now, and that is why I am kicking myself for not realising its biblical roots much earlier on. Having offered that bit of personal story, let me now look at the text a bit more closely.
The bigger context is the entire book of 2 Corinthians, which in good measure involves Paul defending his apostleship over against the “super-apostles” he is contending with at Corinth. The more immediate context is all of chapter 11 where he again has to defend his apostleship. He boasts of his sufferings, and says this in verse 16-21:
I repeat: Let no one take me for a fool. But if you do, then tolerate me just as you would a fool, so that I may do a little boasting. In this self-confident boasting I am not talking as the Lord would, but as a fool. Since many are boasting in the way the world does, I too will boast. You gladly put up with fools since you are so wise! In fact, you even put up with anyone who enslaves you or exploits you or takes advantage of you or puts on airs or slaps you in the face. To my shame I admit that we were too weak for that!
He becomes ‘foolish’ like his opponents in order to rebuke them. He uses irony to make his point: ‘If you put up with fools so readily, then put up with me.’ His intent in all this is clear: ‘Stop putting up with these fools. Stop permitting them to carry on. Do not tolerate this. Do not gladly put up with all this.’
As D. A. Carson writes, Paul moves his attention from the false apostles to the Corinthians themselves, “and his tone becomes ironical, even scathing, as he tries to make them see that their vaunted tolerance has enslaved them, their proud wisdom has proved to be folly, their blind acceptance of the intruders and their false criteria have resulted in pain and despoliation of their substance.”
The real fools here are the Corinthians who have put up with all the damaging claims and pretentions that these false apostles are dishing up. So in his ‘fool’s speech’ Paul chastises them for this, rebuking them for their lack of discernment, their naivety, and their gullibility.
As George Guthrie remarks, “it seems that the Corinthians, in their ‘wisdom,’ like listening to fools.” He reminds us that Paul has already said in 11:1 and 4 that they had put up with those who were preaching a different Jesus. Such tolerance and forbearing is not virtuous but sinful.
We are not to tolerate that which is evil, and that includes false teaching and harmful doctrines. And the attitudes of the super apostles were to be rejected as well. Instead of an emphasis on power and strength and arrogance and lordship, Paul emphasised in word and deed meekness, weakness, humility and servanthood.
That is what the Corinthians should have been emulating, not the arrogance, carnality and power-tripping of these false apostles. They had wrongly claimed that Paul was disqualified from being an apostle because of his weaknesses. Paul says it is precisely because of his weaknesses – and Christ being made strong in and through them – that he is qualified to be one.
And it is exactly because Paul so deeply loves the Corinthians that he offers them this scathing critique and stinging rebuke. He knows that false apostles can only harm them, and therefore he has to shock them out of their foolishness and their theological stupor.
On this issue of genuine versus false leadership that Paul writes about and exemplifies, Linda Belleville reminds us that the church today is equally in need of hearing such teaching. She writes:
We may be quick to scoff at a church like Corinth. How could a church permit itself to be browbeaten like this? What kind of wimps were they to so readily accept such leadership? But are the Corinthians really so different from some of our contemporary churches? A take-charge, strong-arm style of leadership is valued by many within evangelicalism today. Those who lead in this way typically claim to be exercising their God-given authority. Interestingly enough, though, Paul rejects this style of leadership in his own ministry (“not that we lord it over your faith,” 1:24)–as do other New Testament writers (for example, see Mt 20:25-26; 1 Pet 5:3). In fact, the language of “bearing rule,” “governing” and “exercising authority” is not used by the New Testament writers to describe the leadership role in the church. It is employed only of the apostles and the congregation, not of an individual within the local church context.
So we have many lessons to learn from all this as well. And to get back to my original point, it seems there most certainly is a biblical and Christian case to not suffer fools gladly. We need not allow every bad action, bad idea or bad worldview a free run. Actions and ideologies and beliefs which are harming people must be exposed and confronted.
It is not at all loving to allow our brothers and sisters in Christ to be sold down the river by false teaching, dangerous practices, or phony theologies. We should not just put up with this. We should not just tolerate it. We should not just wink at it. It is our job to confront it, to challenge it, and to resist it.
So the next time you feel welling up within you the need to not suffer fools gladly, it may just be the flesh, but it may also be the Spirit of God within you, leading you into a bit of righteous indignation. While we are to test all things – including the thoughts and feelings that spring up within us – there is a place for some holy anger over idiotic ideas, dodgy doctrines, and perilous practices.
10 Replies to “On Not Suffering Fools Gladly”
Funny. I read that passage completely opposite to that. The thought the Corinthians were being commended for putting up with foolish people to lead them into the kingdom. I related that to Romans 12:16 “Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.” You do, of course, need to be wise to not get caught up in people’s foolishness but I thought Paul was actually saying it was good to attempt to bring foolish people to God even if they abused you and slapped you in the face which I related to Jesus’ words in Mat 5:39 and because Paul goes on to describe how he, himself had been beaten and shipwrecked etc. for the kingdom.
In Romans 12 Paul goes on to say:-
Rom 12:17 Repay no one evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
Rom 12:18 If it is possible, as far as is in you, being in peace with all men.
So I thought we were actually meant to suffer fools gladly because, lets face it, anyone who has not come to God for salvation is a fool. How much foolishness we have to put up with, however, is a matter of wisdom.
Thanks Michael. As I explained in the article, that is clearly NOT what Paul was saying to the Corinthians. He was not praising them – quite the contrary, he was severely rebuking them with biting satire and irony, warning them that they were greatly amiss to tolerate and put up with these dangerous false apostles. The whole of the epistle also makes this quite clear as well.
The Biblical use of “fool” often has a moral implication as to the character of the person so described: “The fool has said in his heart, There is no God.” – Psalm 14:1a [NIV]. The rest of the verse further describes the fool as morally bankrupt. This understanding of foolishness as a morally undesirable characteristic certainly adds a potent punch to our Lord’s prohibition against angrily calling one’s brother a fool in Matthew 5:22.
I think the crux of the passage comes at :-
2Co 12:21 lest in my coming again my God will humble me with you; and I shall mourn many who have already sinned, and not repenting over the uncleanness, and fornication, and lustfulness which they have practiced. (MKJV)
While it is good to put up with fools to deliver them into the kingdom Paul was saying he was not relishing having to put up with the abuse and shame he expected would likely come as he addressed the problems with uncleaness and fornication that had crept into in the church. Remember this was a church that Paul had previously boasted about.
What Paul was referring to was something similar to that which I am very glad and thankful that you, Bill, have done and continue to do. I’m suggesting you probably should do it gladly because suffering that abuse from fools will be seen in future and indeed my many now, as a badge of honor even if there is certainly no reward for it in the short term.
Thanks Michael. But you might still be missing the main point of what Paul is saying here. Sure, if one is personally attacked or abused, one can just put up with it, turn the other cheek, etc. That is something I, you, and all believers need to learn to do. But that is not what Paul is really dealing with here. The Corinthians believers he is responsible for, and are part of his spiritual care, are being exploited, abused and harmed by the false apostles. These intruders are NOT to be tolerated and endured, but resisted and challenged. This is a serious matter of bogus and damaging leaders, not just annoying brethren that we have to humour and tolerate. But thanks for your thoughts.
I am reminded of the late Prime Minister, Robert Menzies. One evening, after a long day in Parliament, or in the party room, I forget which , someone said to him, “You know what’s the trouble with you, Bob? You don’t suffer fools gladly.”
“Humph!” he replied. “And what do you think I’m doing now?”
Good one Malcolm.
You are absolutely correct, Bill, in the regard of allowing false teaching and Paul was, as was his method, using every technique he could think of to deliver people into truth, fairly desperately in this instance. What Paul was battling and what we are battling is what scriptures like those from Jude warned us about: –
Jud_1:4 For certain men crept in secretly, those having been of old previously written into this condemnation, ungodly ones perverting the grace of our God for unbridled lust, and denying the only Master, God, even our Lord Jesus Christ. (MKJV)
This should be the main take out from this scripture, how we ignore God’s will at our peril and I am not making light of what the scripture clearly warn us will lead to the condemnation and destruction of many of those who allow themselves to be lead astray through fornication and through disregard for God’s will and how a little leaven… etc. etc. but there are, in fact, important examples of suffering fools gladly e.g.:-
Act 5:40 And they obeyed him. And calling the apostles, beating them, they commanded not to speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go.
Act 5:41 Then indeed they departed from the presence of the sanhedrin, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to be shamed for His name.
Act 5:42 And every day in the temple, and from house to house, they did not cease teaching and preaching the gospel: Jesus Christ.
The joy of the Lord is our strength. (Neh 8:10) I am absolutely not in any way criticizing nor suggesting we go light on those who preach apostasy. Paul’s desperate attempt, over two chapters, at getting the Corinthians attention here should be testimony to that nor am I saying I fully understand what Paul was doing here in his attempt over these two chapters to have people listen to him but Paul understood where the Corinthians were in their thinking better than I do and what threats they faced.
The world will attempt to shame us and find false accusation and the joy of the Lord will be what gets us through. The wisdom will come in knowing when to go hard and when to simply suffer and go on doing God’s will with joy. We will gain that wisdom from learning from our mistakes and our victories.
I thank you for suffering this fool, hopefully gladly.
Off topic but … I was looking for the article/book/video (can’t remember which) that you described the no argument for SSM in purely NON-biblical terms – would you be able to post a link so that I can repost it please? Kim
Thanks Kim. Well, I have 764 articles on homosexuality, and likely half at least are comprised of just the secular arguments! The same with my books. But here are just two articles to start with: