With Christ in the School of Suffering
Most folks are not thrilled about suffering, and rightly so. But Christians view suffering in a much different light than most. While we are not told to seek out suffering, it has a redemptive and faith-building role to play. Scripture makes it perfectly clear that suffering has many valuable purposes in the life of the believer, and we should not be seeking to avoid suffering at all cost.
Yet many popular preachers and megachurch leaders are filling their churches by telling believers that they can always be happy and wealthy and successful and live the good life, and never have to suffer. If suffering does occur, as in the form of sickness or poverty, it is said to be due to sin or a lack of faith.
But the Bible knows nothing of this nonsense. Everywhere the value of suffering is upheld and affirmed. Just a few such passages can be mentioned here. An entire book is devoted to this topic: Job. In it we read these stirring words: “Before [my trials] I heard of God, but now [after my trials] I have seen him” (Job 42:5).
The psalmist for example could speak about the important place of suffering, as in Psalm 119:67: “Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now I obey your word.” Similar thoughts are found in Psalm 119:71: “It was good for me to be afflicted so that I might learn your decrees.”
Jesus himself was known as the Suffering Servant as we read about in Isaiah 53. He was a “man of sorrows, familiar with suffering” (v.3). Or as we find in v.10: “Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.”
So it is God himself who at least allows suffering, if not brings it about for the good of others. The New Testament speaks about these truths as well. As enigmatic as it may be, we even read in Hebrews 5:8 that Jesus “learned obedience through what he suffered”.
And the NT also discusses the character-building role of suffering in the life of the believer. Romans 5:3-4 is a classic passage in this regard: “Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character; and character, hope.”
James 1:2-4 says much the same: “Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.”
The words speak for themselves. The truth seems to be that one cannot develop long-suffering, for example, without suffering long. Indeed, many of the virtues depend upon, or presume, certain hardships and trials. The furnace of affliction seems to be the best arena for developing those virtues.
And of course all the great saints of God have known about the value of suffering. It is the great educator, and a refiner of our character. Many have spoken about the invaluable role suffering has played in their lives. Let me refer to just some of these great men of faith:
“God had one son on earth without sin, but never one without suffering.”
“If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways: either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid. Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten; he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.”
“Affliction is the best book in my library.”
“You must submit to supreme suffering in order to discover the completion of joy.”
“Fiery trials make golden Christians.”
“There is no university for a Christian like that of sorrow and trial.”
“I bear witness that some of the best things I have ever learned from mortal lips, I have learned from bedridden saints!”
“There are no lessons so useful as those learned in the school of affliction.”
“A trial is an instrument by which our Father in heaven makes Christians more holy.”
“Great faith is the product of great fights. Great testimonies are the outcome of great tests. Great triumphs can only come after great trials.”
“If you knew the value of trials, you would praise God for them more than for anything.”
Arthur W. Pink:
“Afflictions are light when compared with what we really deserve. They are light when compared with the sufferings of the Lord Jesus. But perhaps their real lightness is best seen by comparing them with the weight of glory which is awaiting us.”
“Though poor in this world’s goods, though grieving the loss of loved ones, though suffering pain of body, though harassed by sin and Satan, though hated and persecuted by worldlings, whatever be the case and lot of the Christian, it is both his privilege and duty to rejoice in the Lord.”
C. S. Lewis:
“Love is something more stern and splendid than mere kindness. . . . Kindness, merely as such, cares not whether its object becomes good or bad, provided only that it escapes suffering. As Scripture points out, it is bastards who are spoiled: the legitimate sons, who are to carry on the family tradition, are punished. It is for people whom we care nothing about that we demand happiness on any terms: with our friends, our lovers, our children, we are exacting and would rather see them suffer much than be happy in contemptible and estranging modes. If God is Love, He is, by definition, something more than mere kindness.”
“I am not arguing that pain is not painful. Pain hurts. That is what the word means. I am only trying to show that the old Christian doctrine of being made ‘perfect through suffering’ is not incredible. To prove it palatable is beyond my design.”
“I can say with complete truthfulness that everything I have ever learned in my seventy-five years in this world, everything that has truly enhanced and enlightened my existence, has been through affliction and not through happiness, whether pursued or attained. In another world, if it ever were possible to eliminate affliction from our earthly existence by means of some drug or other medical mumbo jumbo, as Aldous Huxley envisaged in Brave New World, the result would not be to make life delectable, but to make it too banal and trivial to be endurable. This, of course, is what the cross signifies. And it is the Cross, more than anything else, that has called me inexorably to Christ.”
“To be a follower of the Crucified means, sooner or later, a personal encounter with the cross. And the cross always entails loss. The great symbol of Christianity means sacrifice and no one who calls himself a Christian can evade this stark fact.”
“God will never disappoint us… If deep in our hearts we suspect that God does not love us and cannot manage our affairs as well as we can, we certainly will not submit to His discipline. …To the unbeliever the fact of suffering only convinces him that God is not to be trusted, does not love us. To the believer, the opposite is true.”
As I say, we are not to go out of our way looking for suffering – there is plenty in the world as is. But neither are we to seek to avoid all suffering we find ourselves involved in. Often it is allowed by God to teach us things, to mould us, to conform us to his son’s image.
God’s discipline will usually entail suffering in one form or another. But as we read in Hebrews 12:11, “No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.”
5 Replies to “With Christ in the School of Suffering”
Let me be the first to comment if I may: I probably should offer a theological proviso here, in part to help avoid any unnecessary debates and distractions that might ensue from the central theme of this article. As a Protestant I of course do not believe our suffering adds anything to the perfect, finished work of Christ at Calvary. Our salvation is based on what he alone has done for us. Thus my suffering does not contribute to my salvation, in terms of what we call justification. But personal suffering may well add to our sanctification – our growth in Christ – which is another matter, and is a big part of what I was trying to say in my article. It is in that sense that Protestants can speak of the redemptive role of suffering.
Just a few examples here where it is clear that we will suffer on Earth for following and obeying Christ. Nowhere does it mention your best life now. The opposite!
Romans 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
2 Corinthians 1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.
2 Corinthians 1:6 And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation.
2 Corinthians 1:7 And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.
Philippians 3:10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
James 5:10 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.
1 Peter 2:19 For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.
1 Peter 4:13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
I suspect the only obedience Jesus learned as referred to in Hebrews 8:5 was what and how obedience can be achieved as a human. Jesus had to go through the process of being born, growing and learning just like any other human because that was the point of His actions and what was needed to justify humanity. This is one of the many reasons why Jesus had to pay for our sins in the humiliated state of a human and not simply from His throne. Jesus did not claim the victory for us until just before He died when He cried “it is finished.” Only at that point was our justification, by someone fully human and fully obedient, complete. Tellingly, He was set on that path to crucifixion by an act of obedience to His mother.
We should all be aware that the process of creation is necessarily a difficult one. Being destructive is easy.
Hi Bill – a message from a practising Catholic. Every word of this article is beautiful. Any perceived chasm between Protestant belief and Catholic belief is pure hair splitting by those perceiving. The truth you speak, your willingness to say the ‘unsayable’, is a ministry bestowed by our true Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. You carry that ministry with a resilience that I find inspiring and enlightening.
God Bless you and your family and the ministry you undertake.
Humbly grateful for everything you do and God Bless.
Many thanks Matthew.